• Black Coal Miners in America: Race, Class, and Community Conflict, 1780-1980
    by Dr. Ronald L. Lewis (Amazon)

    Black workers have been an important part of the coal-mining industry from colonial times until the decline of the industry in the 1950s, but this part of American labor and industrial history has up to now been mostly unknown or ignored. Lewis provides a comprehensive history of these black coal miners as slaves, as convicts, and as wage laborers, until the final displacement of most by mechanization. How they fared in southern, northern, midwestern, and central Appalachian mines is fully, but also often tediously, detailed. Lewis’s contention that their treatment can be explained by the orthodox Marxist theory of class conflict is not, however, convincing. Suitable for labor and black history collections.

  • Coal, Class, and Color: Blacks in Southern West Virginia, 1915-32 (Blacks in the New World)
    by Dr. Joe W. Trotter (Amazon)
  • Life, Work, and Rebellion in the Coal Fields: The Southern West Virginia Miners, 1880-1922
    by David Corbin (Amazon)
  • Appalachians and race : the mountain South from slavery to segregation
    edited by John C. Inscoe.
  • Blacks in Appalachia
    edited by William H. Turner and Edward J. Cabbell